Mind-Body Medicine

“Mind-body medicine uses a variety of techniques designed to enhance the mind’s capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms. Some techniques that were considered CAM in the past have become mainstream (for example, patient support groups and cognitive–behavioral therapy). Other mind–body techniques are still considered CAM, including meditation, prayer, mental healing, and therapies that use creative outlets such as art, music, or dance.” (1)


  • Astin JA, Shapiro SL, Eisenberg DM, Forys KL. Mind–body medicine: state of the science, implications for practice. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2003;16(2):131-47.
  • Galvin JA, Benson H, Deckro GR, Fricchione GL, Dusek JA. The relaxation response: reducing stress and improving cognition in healthy aging adults. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 Aug;12(3):186–91. Epub 2006 Jun 5.
  • Folkman S. The case for positive emotions in the stress process. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2008 Jan;21(1):3–14.


  • Caspi O, Burleson KO. Methodological challenges in meditation research. Advances in Mind–Body Medicine. 2005;21(1):4–11.
  • Davidson RJ, Kabat–Zinn J, Schumacher J, et al. Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2003;65(4):564–570.
  • Davidson RJ, Lutz A. Buddha’s brain: neuroplasticity and meditation. IEEE Signal Processing. 2007;25(1):171–174.


  • Dossey L. Healing research: What we know and don’t know. Subtle En En Med 2008;19(1):9-27.
  • Larson DB. Spirituality’s potential relevance to physical and emotional health: a brief review of quantitative research. J Psychol Theol. 2003;31:137–51
  • Targ EF, Levine EG. The efficacy of a mind–body–spirit group for women with breast cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Gen Hosp Psych. 2002; 24(4):238–248

Mental healing

  • Chesney MA, Chambers DB, Taylor JM, Johnson LM, Folkman S. Coping effectiveness training for men living with HIV: results from a randomized clinical trial testing a group–based intervention. Psychosom Med. 2003 Nov-Dec;65(6):1038–46.
  • Rainforth MV, Schneider RH, Nidich SI, Gaylord–King C, Salerno JW, Anderson JW. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta–analysis. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2007;9(6):520–528
  • Roffe I, Schmidt K, Ernst E. A systematic review of guided imagery as an adjuvant cancer therapy. Psychooncology. 2005;14(8)607–617

Therapies that use creative outlets

  • Maratos AS, Gold C, Wang X, Crawford MJ. Music therapy for depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(1):CD004517
  • Pennebaker, James W and Beall, Sandra K. Confronting a Traumatic Event: Toward an Understanding of Inhibition and Disease. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, pp. 274–81.
  • Smith S, Anderson–Hanley C, Langrock A, Compas B. The effects of journaling for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Psychooncology. 2005 Dec;14(12):1075–82.