Principal Investigator: Jill Edwards, ND
Background and Significance: More and more women are choosing to give birth out of the hospital. There has been very little information gathered about the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on outcomes of out-of-hospital births. Low maternal SES is known to negatively influence hospital birth outcomes. Various prenatal and obstetric care models, such as individualized care and pre- and postnatal home visits, have also been to shown to improve birth outcomes among socially disadvantaged women. Many of these models are integrated into midwifery care and thus midwife led out-of-hospital birth has the potential to reduce adverse birth outcomes for these populations.